Vegetables cannot go dormant in times of drought like your typical lawn does, says Extension Horticulture Educator, Candice Miller. Therefore additional watering is necessary to sustain a productive vegetable garden in these times of drought.
In the vegetable garden, there are certain periods of growth in particular where having moisture is especially important. As a rule of thumb, water is most critical during the first few weeks of development, immediately after transplanting, and during flowering and fruit production.
Anytime there are fruits (squash, cucumber, eggplant, tomatoes for example) or pods being filled (peas, snap beans), water needs to be uniformly available. In addition, sweet corn requires even moisture from the time flowers (silks) are pollenated through kernel fill. Therefore, gardeners should be monitoring their garden right now to see what is producing fruit at all times in order to properly water.
Fortunately, there are a couple of practices gardeners can implement to help reduce the amount of watering needed in their gardens. Here are a couple of helpful watering tips that may be useful for vegetable gardeners in reducing their water use:
• Water early in the morning to prevent water loss to evaporation and to avoid diseases.
• Water where the roots are. Use a soaker hose to apply water directly at the base of the plant.
• Water heavily and less often, as opposed to light, frequent waterings. This will encourage deep root growth.
• Consider mulching to keep the soil moist and to eliminate evaporation.
• Add compost to your soil to increase the soils’ ability to hold in moisture.
• Plant vegetables closer together to maximize space and water use.
• Utilize a rain barrel to collect water for use in the garden (see our website for an upcoming Rain Barrel Workshop).
University of Illinois Extension will be offering a program on ‘Dealing with Drought in the Home Landscape’ on August 13 from 6:00-7:00 PM in Winnebago County. See our website listed below for specific location information.
Miller will give recommendations on what homeowner’s should be watering right now and actions that need to be taken right away. The latest news on the drought situation will also be given, followed by a question and answer session. There is no cost for attending this program and everyone is welcome.
To register, please contact the Winnebago County Extension office at 815-986-435 or visit http://web.extension.illinois.edu/jsw/.
To stay up to date on the most recent drought information in this area, follow our Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/northwestillinoishorticulture and/or visit http://web.extension.illinois.edu/drought/.
For further questions, contact the Winnebago County Extension office or email Candice Miller, Extension Horticulture Educator at email@example.com.