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Fighting Crime, Fighting Drugs?

Today I read two articles which gave me quite a bit of cognitive dissonance.  One was this column in the Rockford Register Star about the recent meeting held by Senator Dick Durbin, and others, on reducing crime in Rockford.  The article, and others before and after the meeting, describes both the “get your act together” message and the focus of the problem — gangs, guns, and drugs.  Mention is made that Rockford is a distribution center for drugs on their way to Chicago or Milwaukee, and that this is a big part of our crime problem.  People speculate that the rise in armed robberies and home invasions is due to the need for money to buy drugs.

The other article I read, “The Most Embarrassing Graph in American Drug Policy” was in the Washington Post, by Harold Pollack.  It reproduces this graph:

embarrassing-drug-graph

 

Drug policy in this country has been long designed to increase prices — to eradicate producers, make life hard on sellers, and make drugs more expensive to buy.  But drug prices have fallen throughout the war on drugs, while incarceration rates have risen dramatically.  Only in the Great Recession have governments begun, finally, to question the wisdom of locking up so many drug users at great cost to taxpayers.

And, of course, the drug-war is racially biased in its application and design.  Suburbanites using illegal oxycontin don’t have their doors knocked in and do not spend 10 years in jail.  But young black men with a few joints do.  If you haven’t read Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow, you should.  It describes exactly what’s going on.

As Pollack notes, things are changing.  The use of special drug courts is diverting simple users to treatment instead of jail (and we are starting to use this approach here).  Criminologists like David Kennedy have changed the way we approach drug markets, an approach being used in Rockford and which is reducing drug-market related violence.

If adults are selling, buying and using drugs, this is not a crisis.  It might be a personal tragedy for that family, and it might be a public health problem.  But it is not a criminal threat.  If gangs, who make their money through the drug trade, are resorting to murder and theft, that’s a criminal threat — not a drug problem, but a gang problem.  If someone robs a store or a house, no matter what they want the money for, that’s a criminal threat.  Instead of “fighting drugs” as a way to reduce crime, let’s just fight crime.

Instead of wasting police resources on tracking and locking up pot users, heroin addicts, and their friends and relations; let’s use those resources to stop actual crime – robberies, murders, assaults, and so forth.  Treat drug addiction as a health problem.  And make the message clear to gangs and dealers: if you sell to adults only, without any violence or other crime, we won’t bother you.  But if you use violence to control territory, or you rob others, or if you sell to kids, then we — city, county, state, and feds working together — will come down on you like a ton of bricks.

The building blocks of this approach are in place in Rockford.  In our concern about crime, let’s not get confused.  Let’s not make a bunch of drug arrests, because they are easy to make, in order to make it look like we’re doing something.  Let’s stop bickering between departments, and stop getting defensive and pointing out that crime is down (it is, but not enough).  Let’s build stronger neighborhoods, where the residents work together, and with the law, to keep things safe.  Fight crime? Yes.  Target violent gangs?  Yes.  Expand the war on drugs?  No, let’s not.  We can make our city safer, but only if we focus on the right things.

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3 Comments

  1. Chuck Sweeny

    The Drug War is a 40 year disaster. For an analogy, everyone should watch Ken Burns’ excellent documentary, “Prohibition.” In it he describes exactly what is going on today, only 80 to 90 years ago. Prohibition of alcohol did not diminish the demand for alcohol! It took the crime syndicates from small groups of warring gangs and made it into an immense empire of wealth and fortune, supplying alcohol to willing customers. Apparently we have learned NOTHING from its failure. I also believe it is a mechanism to keep certain groups of people out of the workforce, out of the general population and off the voting rolls.

  2. Denny Wallace

    Good point Chuck… “Apparently we have learned NOTHING from its (Prohibition) failure.”

    What to do about Drugs must accept the reality that accepting natural laws of supply and demand doesn’t = you support or want to condone Drug Use. (may it be Alcohol or other forms)

    As is the case in most everything in life… You must consider priorities + real-world cost-benefit analysis.

    Is it a higher priority to keep drugs out of the hands of young-people vs consenting adults of legal age where they should know better?

    Is locking up a Drug Dealer (or worse Drug User) a higher priority versus locking up some Gang Leader using violence to ply his criminal trade?

    Or using Matt’s analogy of looking the other way to criminal enterprise not inflicting\encouraging violence in the community. I for one would rather have less criminal violence even if it menat more people using drugs.

    Cost Benefit Analysis… Drug Crime goes through the long court procedures the same as violent crimes… All too often tying up real crime-fighting efforts…
    * Attorney\court time in endless hearings even when a criminal doesn’t go to trial…
    * Police Officers tied up waiting at the Court House just in case they are needed
    * Jail Over Crowding aggravated by many nonviolent Drug charges (Not saying all Drug charges but certainly most start out as nonviolent)
    * Resources spent on fighting drug sales rather than real Crime Fighting taking on Break-ins or violent crimes (even keeping track of repeat offenders, especially those charged with repeat Drunk Driving)

    Not all crime is created equal… Especially considering even if we had unlimited resources we couldn’t make the world crime free…

    How about we send the message… Do Violent Crime and justice will be swift and severe… You will be arrested quickly and go to trial within DAYS not months or years…

  3. Denny Wallace

    Should have added to “…Or using Matt’s analogy of looking the other way to criminal enterprise not inflicting\encouraging violence in the community. I for one would rather have less criminal violence even if it menat more people using drugs…”

    Applying the logic of Priorities… Once you’ve knocked down violent crime then “nonviolent drug related” crime could be looked at again applying the logic of priorities” i.e. Stop looking the other way if the priorities suggest that is a good idea.